Apache ssl passphrase automatic

 

Hello all,

 

hope you are having tough time remembering the pass phrase that you created for apache ssl creation. Well, not anymore. We can disable pass phrase prompt on every apache restart by regenerating the key file without a pass phrase.  This topic is made assuming that you already know the pass phrase.

 

[root@localhost.com ~]# /etc/init.d/httpd restart

Stopping httpd:                                            [OK]
Starting httpd: Apache/x.x.x mod_ssl/x.x.x (Pass Phrase Dialog)
Some of your private key files are encrypted for security reasons.
In order to read them you have to provide the pass phrases.

Server localhost.com:443 (RSA)
Enter pass phrase:

OK: Pass Phrase Dialog successful.
                                                           [  OK  ]

 

Let’s overcome the above issue.

All we need is to regenerate the key file using our openssl command as shown below.

First let’s take a backup of the key file, for redundency.

[root@localhost.com]# cp -arp /etc/ssl/old.key /etc/ssl/old.key.bak

Now, we will generate the new pass phrase less key as mentioned below.

[root@localhost.com]#  openssl rsa -in /etc/ssl/old.key -out /etc/ssl/new.key
Enter pass phrase for /home/ssl/old.key:
writing RSA key
[root@localhost.com]# 

Now, let’s replace the old key with the newly created one and restart apache.

[root@localhost.com]# mv /etc/ssl/new.key /etc/ssl/old.key
[root@localhost.com]# /etc/init.d/httpd restart
Stopping httpd:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]
 

It should restart without prompting the pass phrase, if not you have missed something.

Reference: http://mnx.io/blog/removing-a-passphrase-from-an-ssl-key/

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E: Internal Error, No file name for libc6

Hello,

This is a known issue at Ubuntu, where you are not allowed to update or install any packages on the server.

root@machine:~# apt-get upgrade php5*
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
You might want to run 'apt-get -f install' to correct these.
The following packages have unmet dependencies:
libuuid1 : Breaks: libuuid1:i386 (!= 2.20.1-1ubuntu3.1) but 2.20.1-1ubuntu3 is installed
libuuid1:i386 : Breaks: libuuid1 (!= 2.20.1-1ubuntu3) but 2.20.1-1ubuntu3.1 is installed
E: Unmet dependencies. Try using -f.

 

To fix this you can do the following command.

 

 

sudo apt-get clean

sudo apt-get install -fy

sudo dpkg -i /var/cache/apt/archives/*.deb

sudo dpkg --configure -a

 

 

reference: http://forumubuntusoftware.info/viewtopic.php?f=104&t=8611

Thank you for viewing http://helpinlinux.com

 

 

 

This entry was posted in linux.

Creating Amazon Relational Database Service instance

Hello,

The following steps will help us create RDS instance in AWS. I personally don’t recommend having RDS unless you are building a very high database cluster environment. You can use EC2 and instance database services, Just because it costs nearly double to that of your EC2 instance and has very limited level of access. Reference: http://dba.stackexchange.com/questions/34525/amazon-rds-for-mysql-vs-installing-mysql-on-an-amazon-ec2-instance .

 

1. Login to Amazon Web Services and choose Services, you will have various services that are offered by Amazon  choose RDS from that, as shown below.

1

 

2. Once you clicked on it, you will be taken to a page similar to the one shown below. Choose instance tab from this.

2

 

3. Click on Launch DB instance from the page similar to the one shown below.

3

 

4. Now, you need to choose your database software preferences, I am choosing MySQL for now.

4

 

5. If you are using your server for production which requires better IO performance for read and write data, I recommend you to click “Yes, use Multi-AZ Deployment for high availability”(yes, it costs you more).

5

 

6. Now, choose/provide all the database information as shown in the image below.

6

 

7

7. Enable backup if you wish to, you will need to mention the database maintenance time if any, that do not overlap with the database backup time.

8

8. Review and launch.

9

 

 

Yay !!! You have  your RDS server now. You a MySQL client to connect to the database server, the hostname will be a fully qualified domain name that you can see from the instance.

 



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This entry was posted in AWS.

AWS EC2 instance resources increasing/decreasing

Hello,

 

I have searched over the internet and actually couldn’t find a easy post that helps users to increase EC2 instance’s resources. [Note: Please take a snapshot of your instance before changing the plan, just in case if something goes wrong we can restore it where we left].

 

1. Login to Amazon EC2 interface and select the instance column. You will get a similar view as shown below.

1

 

2. Select the desired instance and click on Actions tab, you will get the below options. Click on stop.( yes, you need to stop the instance to change its resources.

2

 

3. You will be prompted to confirm stopping of instance.

3

 

4. Once you have stopped the instance click on Actions again, where you need to select Change Instance type(which will be disabled when the instance is running). check below.

4

 

5. Choose the instance plan to which you want to upgrade/downgrade to and apply {Note: Checking EBS-optimised will get a better IO for your instance, it costs more though).5

6. Now, start the instance, it will have the new resources as chosen.

 

Thank you for viewing http://helpinlinux.com

 

This entry was posted in AWS.

Disable recursive queries bind in CentOS

Hello,

 

So, you have a lot of people using your server for name name server queries ? That uses your bandwidth ? Not a problem here is the step to overcome that.

 

Open the file /etc/named.conf

 vi /etc/named.conf

 

and add below lines by replacing the old allow-recursion and allow-transfer lines

allow-transfer {“none”;};
allow-recursion {“none”;};
recursion no;

restart the named service using the below command and you are done.

 

 /etc/init.d/named restart

 

You test the same using dig command, you should find the following output.

 
[root@ns399932 ~]# dig @127.0.0.1 google.com A

; <<>> DiG 9.3.6-P1-RedHat-9.3.6-20.P1.el5_8.1 <<>> @127.0.0.1 google.com A
; (1 server found)
;; global options:  printcmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<

 

Thank you for watching

Mounting a new hard drive in linux

 

 

Hello,

 

In this post I will walk through adding a new hard disk drive in Linux. I added a new 20GB harddisk to the hardware. Then boot the machine. Now you will see the disk in the fdisk -l command as shown below, /dev/sdb.

 

1

 

2. Now let’s create a new partition for mounting it using fdisk command fdisk /dev/sdb.

2

 

3. You may use option m to know the list of options as shown below.

3

 

4. Now, use option n to add a new partition. Then, enter p for primary partition and e for extended partition, and enter the partition number here I am entering as 3( it can be anything between 1-4 because it is not my primary hard disk, enter the start and end size of the cylinder. Here I have used all the cylinder volume as shown in the screenshot below.

4

 

5. Now, enter command p to print the partition tables, and then w to write the partition table information to disk and exit as shown below.

5

 

7. Now, format the disk with the required filesystem type. Here I have used ext3 file system to format the disk, as shown below.

7

 

8. Let’s create a new folder using mkdir command, I created /disk1 folder and mounted the harddisk with mount /dev/sdb3 /disk1 command, now you can see the mounted disk which consists of 20GB size as shown below.

8

 

9. You edit the fstab entry to mount the disk permanently on boot. Please find the screenshot highlighted below, please use mount -a command just to verify if you have entered fstab values correctly, as shown below.

9

 



That’s it. You are done 🙂 Thank you for viewing helpinlinux.com

 

This entry was posted in linux.

Linux single user mode password reset

 

Hello all,

 

This post helps you in resetting your Linux root password, if you forgot it. Before we get started we want to make sure that we either have a console or direct access to the machine to accomplish this task.

 

1. Reboot your machine and wait for the below prompt.

1

 

2. Press any key and then you will be taken to the below menu.

screenshot 1

 

3. Press key ‘e’ to edit the line as described in the lines of the above screenshot.

2

 

4. choose the desired kernel and  press ‘e’ again to edit the line and type single at the end of the line as shown below and press enter.

3

 

5. Now, you will see the below prompt then press ‘b’ key to boot the machine.

4

 

6. The machine will boot and enter into the single user mode as given in the screenshot below. Now, you can reset the password as mentioned in the below two screenshots.

5

6

 



Finally, you are done. Reboot the machine and take the control over. 🙂

Plesk sub domain php downloading pages

Hello,

There seems to be a bug in plesk where the php in sub domain will not work and in main domain it works.!!. The below are the steps to overcome it.

Open the subdomain’s conf folder at /var/www/vhosts/$domain.com/subdomains/$subdomainname/conf

cd /var/www/vhosts/$domain.com/subdomains/$subdomainname/conf
vi vhost.conf

and add the below config, make sure you change the $domain.com to your domain name and $subdomainname to your subdomain name.

<Directory /var/www/vhosts/$domain.com/$subdomainname>

<IfModule mod_perl.c>
<Files ~ (\.pl$)>
SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler ModPerl::Registry
Options ExecCGI
allow from all
PerlSendHeader On
</Files>
</IfModule>
<IfModule sapi_apache2.c>
php_admin_flag engine on
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_php5.c>
php_admin_flag engine on
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_python.c>
<Files ~ (\.py$)>
SetHandler python-program
PythonHandler mod_python.cgihandler
</Files>
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_fcgid.c>
<Files ~ (\.fcgi)>
SetHandler fcgid-script
Options +FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI
</Files>
</IfModule>
Options -Includes +ExecCGI

</Directory>

Then execute the below two scripts

/usr/local/psa/admin/sbin/websrvmng -u --vhost-name=$domain.com 
/usr/local/psa/admin/sbin/httpdmng --reconfigure-all




This entry was posted in linux.

Kloxo WordPress Permissions

Hello,

The below is one of the fix to wordpress permissions that you are facing in your Kloxo panel.

[root@server]#cd /home/user/domain

[root@server]#chmod 2775 /home/user/domain -R 

[root@server]#chown user.apache /home/user/domain -R 

That’s all, now you will be able to upload plugins/themes or anything via wp-admin web interface.

Thank you for viewing helpinlinux.com

This entry was posted in cpanels.