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    January 25th, 2023

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    shell script to auto restart apache httpd when it goes down / dead

    September 22nd, 2015

    Being a Linux and Cloud Engineer I happen to work on building many servers which should be reliable, and I come across few customers who just want the server to be build and least work in managing them. So, I came up to a solution to start services by themselves if the apache web server goes down using cron and if loop. The following script serves the purpose.

    First let’s create a directory to put all the custom scripts to be put in there.

    mkdir /scripts/
    cd /scripts/

    Let’s create a script and call it as



    Provide it with execution permission.

    chmod +x

    Then let’s add the following entry to our root user’s cron

    crontab -e
    */5 * * * * /scripts/ >/dev/null 2>&1

    Now, let’s paste the following lines to the script file on our Debian/Ubuntu based system.

    #This script will check if Apache process is down in Debian/Ubuntu based system and restarts it automatically.
    #Script is located at
    #Let's declare RESTART, PGREP and HTTPD command names.
    RESTART="service apache2 restart"
    # find httpd pid
    #Check if the process retruns not value[apache2 not running].
    if [ $? -ne 0 ]
     # restart apache

    If you are using CentOS/Redhat based system please add the following code to your file.

    #This script will check if Apache process is down in Redhat/CentOS based system and restarts it automatically.
    #Script is located at
    #Let's declare RESTART, PGREP and HTTPD command names.
    RESTART="service httpd restart"
    # find httpd pid
    #Check if the process retruns not value[httpd not running].
    if [ $? -ne 0 ]
     # restart apache


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    Fixing wordpress file permissions upload file could not be moved & wordpress asking for FTP login

    August 20th, 2015



    Many of the wordpress developers/ system admin beginners would have come up to this issue where you will be annoyed with permission issues as mentioned below or you will be prompted to enter FTP logins whenever you upload plugins themes or update wordpress

    wordpress media permission issue

    This post assumes that you already have a wordpress site and LAMP server using CentOS/Redhat or fedora based OS.

    All you need is mod_ruid2 module working to fix these issues.

    First let us install all the modules that is required for compiling apache module.

    yum group install -y 'Development Tools'

    Once done, we will install devel tools for compiling mod_ruid2

    yum install -y libcap-devel httpd-devel

    Now, let’s download and install mod_ruid2

    cd /usr/local/src
    apxs -a -i -l cap -c mod_ruid2.c

    Then let’s open the apache virtual host config file and add the following line below DocumentRoot entry of our website.

    RMode stat
        RUidGid steptocloud steptocloud
        RGroups steptocloud

    Then let’s restart apache

    On CentOS7

    systemctl restart httpd.service

    On CentOS6 or CentOS5

    service httpd restart

    Youtube Link

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    netstat command install RHEL/CentOS 7

    April 4th, 2015

    Hello all,

    We need to install net-tools package to enable netstat command in CentOS/RHEL 7 based systems.

    yum install net-tools

    This will install required files for netstat command.


    Thank you for viewing

    1 Comment "

    restorecon: command not found CentOS 6 & 7

    April 4th, 2015

    Hello team,

    I have come across strange issue when trying to save iptables rules. I received the following error.


     service iptables save


    iptables: Saving firewall rules to /etc/sysconfig/iptables: /etc/init.d/iptables: line 274: restorecon: command not found.


    You need to install policycoreutils package to fix the same.


    yum install policycoreutils 


    and now you will be able to save iptables rules.


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    Creating IAM user with access control

    February 11th, 2015

    IAM user is most important when it you want to grant access to different users say developer, administrator and partner. There are various level of access that you can choose to grant access to the users depending upon their requirements. The following guide helps us to create IAM user account with EC2 administration privileges, the user that we are creating will have full access to EC2 resources. Let’s get started.


    1. Login to AWS console and navigate through Services –> All AWS Services –> Administration & Security –> (Identity Access Management) IAM as shown below.


    IAM service


    2. Goto Users and create a new user,

    iam create new user2


    3. Enter the username and download the credentials,( you can create upto 5 users IAM users).

    iam user create3

    4. You will be prompted to download the credentials, this is security keys useful to manage users via S3 uploads etc.

    iam user download credentials


    5. Let’s create password for users as shown in the below steps.


    iam user create password

    generate password for iam user

    a.  Allow user to reset their own password “check Allow users to change their own password” and Apply policy.password policy iam

    6. You will now be prompted to download the credentials file. The downloaded file will contain the login information of the user that we created. Now, let’s go to Groups and create a Group as shown below.


    IAM create new group





    iam create new group2

    6. Set permissions for the group, (here I am granting full access to EC2 service we can choose services with respect to our requirement).

    iam grant EC2 group permission

    7. Now, navigate through Users –> siru –> Add users to Group.


    iam assign user to groups

    8. Now, you can see that the user is added to required group, we can add user to different groups.

    iam managing user groups

    Now, the user can login and navigate through EC2 services of your account to launch and edit instances on behalf of you.



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